Assessment result details

Construction

People with these jobs do various kinds of construction: masonry, plumbing, carpentry, etc.

Construction Managers

Plan, direct, or coordinate, usually through subordinate supervisory personnel, activities concerned with the construction and maintenance of structures, facilities, and systems. Participate in the conceptual development of a construction project and oversee its organization, scheduling, budgeting, and implementation. Includes managers in specialized construction fields, such as carpentry or plumbing.
Annual Wage
$84,203.92
Top Entry-level Education
a certificate
4.00%
some college
12.00%
an Associate degree
4.00%
a Bachelor's degree
76.00%
a Master's or Professional degree
4.00%

Cost Estimators

Prepare cost estimates for product manufacturing, construction projects, or services to aid management in bidding on or determining price of product or service. May specialize according to particular service performed or type of product manufactured.
Annual Wage
$70,283.26
Top Entry-level Education
a high school diploma or less
4.55%
a certificate
9.09%
an Associate degree
4.55%
a Bachelor's degree
63.64%
a Master's or Professional degree
18.18%

First-Line Supervisors of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers

Directly supervise and coordinate activities of construction or extraction workers.
Annual Wage
$71,575.82
Top Entry-level Education
a high school diploma or less
45.33%
a certificate
21.19%
some college
32.70%
an Associate degree
0.78%

Solar Energy Installation Managers

Direct work crews installing residential or commercial solar photovoltaic or thermal systems.
Annual Wage
$71,575.82
Top Entry-level Education
a high school diploma or less
17.37%
a certificate
35.99%
some college
20.19%
an Associate degree
15.92%
a Bachelor's degree
6.10%
a Master's or Professional degree
4.44%

Brickmasons and Blockmasons

Lay and bind building materials, such as brick, structural tile, concrete block, cinder block, glass block, and terra-cotta block, with mortar and other substances to construct or repair walls, partitions, arches, sewers, and other structures.
Annual Wage
$47,932.51
Top Entry-level Education
a high school diploma or less
83.90%
some college
13.38%
an Associate degree
2.71%

Stonemasons

Build stone structures, such as piers, walls, and abutments. Lay walks, curbstones, or special types of masonry for vats, tanks, and floors.
Annual Wage
$43,077.10
Top Entry-level Education
a high school diploma or less
70.47%
a certificate
29.53%

Construction Carpenters

Construct, erect, install, and repair structures and fixtures of wood, plywood, and wallboard, using carpenter's hand tools and power tools.
Annual Wage
$50,278.84
Top Entry-level Education
a high school diploma or less
72.43%
a certificate
17.12%
some college
1.14%
an Associate degree
8.67%
a Bachelor's degree
0.60%
a Master's or Professional degree
0.05%

Rough Carpenters

Build rough wooden structures, such as concrete forms, scaffolds, tunnel, bridge, or sewer supports, billboard signs, and temporary frame shelters, according to sketches, blueprints, or oral instructions.
Annual Wage
$50,278.84
Top Entry-level Education
a high school diploma or less
55.95%
a certificate
28.22%
some college
8.63%
an Associate degree
3.25%
a Doctoral degree or more
3.94%

Carpet Installers

Lay and install carpet from rolls or blocks on floors. Install padding and trim flooring materials.
Annual Wage
$41,896.12
Top Entry-level Education
a high school diploma or less
91.56%
a certificate
1.26%
some college
7.18%

Floor Layers, Except Carpet, Wood, and Hard Tiles

Apply blocks, strips, or sheets of shock-absorbing, sound-deadening, or decorative coverings to floors.
Annual Wage
$47,745.13
Top Entry-level Education
a high school diploma or less
95.24%
a certificate
4.40%
some college
0.35%

Floor Sanders and Finishers

Scrape and sand wooden floors to smooth surfaces using floor scraper and floor sanding machine, and apply coats of finish.
Annual Wage
$42,517.45
Top Entry-level Education
a high school diploma or less
98.88%
a certificate
0.80%
an Associate degree
0.32%

Tile and Marble Setters

Apply hard tile, marble, and wood tile to walls, floors, ceilings, and roof decks.
Annual Wage
$45,296.71
Top Entry-level Education
a high school diploma or less
82.59%
a certificate
17.42%

Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers

Smooth and finish surfaces of poured concrete, such as floors, walks, sidewalks, roads, or curbs using a variety of hand and power tools. Align forms for sidewalks, curbs, or gutters; patch voids; and use saws to cut expansion joints.
Annual Wage
$52,979.85
Top Entry-level Education
a high school diploma or less
86.72%
a certificate
12.65%
an Associate degree
0.62%

Terrazzo Workers and Finishers

Apply a mixture of cement, sand, pigment, or marble chips to floors, stairways, and cabinet fixtures to fashion durable and decorative surfaces.
Annual Wage
$55,827.57
Top Entry-level Education
a high school diploma or less
84.09%
a certificate
9.56%
some college
6.36%

Construction Laborers

Perform tasks involving physical labor at construction sites. May operate hand and power tools of all types: air hammers, earth tampers, cement mixers, small mechanical hoists, surveying and measuring equipment, and a variety of other equipment and instruments. May clean and prepare sites, dig trenches, set braces to support the sides of excavations, erect scaffolding, and clean up rubble, debris and other waste materials. May assist other craft workers.
Annual Wage
$39,244.96
Top Entry-level Education
a high school diploma or less
92.67%
a certificate
6.11%
a Bachelor's degree
1.22%

Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators

Operate equipment used for applying concrete, asphalt, or other materials to road beds, parking lots, or airport runways and taxiways, or equipment used for tamping gravel, dirt, or other materials. Includes concrete and asphalt paving machine operators, form tampers, tamping machine operators, and stone spreader operators.
Annual Wage
$53,487.47
Top Entry-level Education
a high school diploma or less
80.51%
a certificate
18.48%
some college
0.75%
an Associate degree
0.26%

Pile-Driver Operators

Operate pile drivers mounted on skids, barges, crawler treads, or locomotive cranes to drive pilings for retaining walls, bulkheads, and foundations of structures, such as buildings, bridges, and piers.
Annual Wage
$85,077.07
Top Entry-level Education
a high school diploma or less
71.18%
a certificate
20.95%
some college
7.88%

Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators

Operate one or several types of power construction equipment, such as motor graders, bulldozers, scrapers, compressors, pumps, derricks, shovels, tractors, or front-end loaders to excavate, move, and grade earth, erect structures, or pour concrete or other hard surface pavement. May repair and maintain equipment in addition to other duties.
Annual Wage
$69,483.56
Top Entry-level Education
a high school diploma or less
80.11%
a certificate
18.04%
some college
1.85%

Drywall and Ceiling Tile Installers

Apply plasterboard or other wallboard to ceilings or interior walls of buildings. Apply or mount acoustical tiles or blocks, strips, or sheets of shock-absorbing materials to ceilings and walls of buildings to reduce or reflect sound. Materials may be of decorative quality. Includes lathers who fasten wooden, metal, or rockboard lath to walls, ceilings or partitions of buildings to provide support base for plaster, fire-proofing, or acoustical material.
Annual Wage
$53,190.98
Top Entry-level Education
a high school diploma or less
66.23%
a certificate
19.30%
some college
9.65%
a Bachelor's degree
4.82%

Tapers

Seal joints between plasterboard or other wallboard to prepare wall surface for painting or papering.
Annual Wage
$58,299.88
Top Entry-level Education
a high school diploma or less
74.72%
a certificate
25.28%

Electricians

Install, maintain, and repair electrical wiring, equipment, and fixtures. Ensure that work is in accordance with relevant codes. May install or service street lights, intercom systems, or electrical control systems.
Annual Wage
$62,079.28
Top Entry-level Education
a high school diploma or less
25.30%
a certificate
59.48%
some college
4.05%
an Associate degree
3.54%
a Bachelor's degree
7.61%

Glaziers

Install glass in windows, skylights, store fronts, and display cases, or on surfaces, such as building fronts, interior walls, ceilings, and tabletops.
Annual Wage
$52,748.90
Top Entry-level Education
a high school diploma or less
82.41%
a certificate
17.59%

Insulation Workers, Floor, Ceiling, and Wall

Line and cover structures with insulating materials. May work with batt, roll, or blown insulation materials.
Annual Wage
$44,957.26
Top Entry-level Education
a high school diploma or less
97.58%
a certificate
2.42%

Insulation Workers, Mechanical

Apply insulating materials to pipes or ductwork, or other mechanical systems in order to help control and maintain temperature.
Annual Wage
$74,399.59
Top Entry-level Education
a high school diploma or less
76.67%
a certificate
22.57%
some college
0.76%

Painters, Construction and Maintenance

Paint walls, equipment, buildings, bridges, and other structural surfaces, using brushes, rollers, and spray guns. May remove old paint to prepare surface prior to painting. May mix colors or oils to obtain desired color or consistency.
Annual Wage
$41,676.38
Top Entry-level Education
a high school diploma or less
82.40%
a certificate
7.64%
a Bachelor's degree
4.25%
a Doctoral degree or more
5.72%

Paperhangers

Cover interior walls or ceilings of rooms with decorative wallpaper or fabric, or attach advertising posters on surfaces such as walls and billboards. May remove old materials or prepare surfaces to be papered.
Annual Wage
$35,823.03
Top Entry-level Education
a high school diploma or less
78.15%
a certificate
3.36%
some college
18.49%

Pipelayers

Lay pipe for storm or sanitation sewers, drains, and water mains. Perform any combination of the following tasks: grade trenches or culverts, position pipe, or seal joints.
Annual Wage
$50,769.25
Top Entry-level Education
a high school diploma or less
95.70%
a Master's or Professional degree
4.30%

Pipe Fitters and Steamfitters

Lay out, assemble, install, or maintain pipe systems, pipe supports, or related hydraulic or pneumatic equipment for steam, hot water, heating, cooling, lubricating, sprinkling, or industrial production or processing systems.
Annual Wage
$54,224.29
Top Entry-level Education
a high school diploma or less
52.48%
a certificate
43.74%
some college
3.78%

Plumbers

Assemble, install, or repair pipes, fittings, or fixtures of heating, water, or drainage systems, according to specifications or plumbing codes.
Annual Wage
$54,224.29
Top Entry-level Education
a high school diploma or less
34.65%
a certificate
60.70%
an Associate degree
4.65%

Plasterers and Stucco Masons

Apply interior or exterior plaster, cement, stucco, or similar materials. May also set ornamental plaster.
Annual Wage
$48,314.79
Top Entry-level Education
a high school diploma or less
95.84%
a certificate
2.80%
an Associate degree
1.36%

Reinforcing Iron and Rebar Workers

Position and secure steel bars or mesh in concrete forms in order to reinforce concrete. Use a variety of fasteners, rod-bending machines, blowtorches, and hand tools. Includes rod busters.
Annual Wage
$40,607.62
Top Entry-level Education
a high school diploma or less
70.42%
a certificate
29.58%

Roofers

Cover roofs of structures with shingles, slate, asphalt, aluminum, wood, or related materials. May spray roofs, sidings, and walls with material to bind, seal, insulate, or soundproof sections of structures.
Annual Wage
$46,080.91
Top Entry-level Education
a high school diploma or less
75.04%
a certificate
10.83%
some college
7.53%
a Master's or Professional degree
2.42%
a Doctoral degree or more
4.16%

Structural Iron and Steel Workers

Raise, place, and unite iron or steel girders, columns, and other structural members to form completed structures or structural frameworks. May erect metal storage tanks and assemble prefabricated metal buildings.
Annual Wage
$66,096.75
Top Entry-level Education
a high school diploma or less
75.77%
a certificate
19.21%
a Bachelor's degree
5.03%

Solar Photovoltaic Installers

Assemble, install, or maintain solar photovoltaic (PV) systems on roofs or other structures in compliance with site assessment and schematics. May include measuring, cutting, assembling, and bolting structural framing and solar modules. May perform minor electrical work such as current checks.
Annual Wage
$43,606.40
Top Entry-level Education
a high school diploma or less
67.56%
a certificate
14.02%
some college
1.79%
an Associate degree
16.14%
a Bachelor's degree
0.49%

Helpers--Brickmasons, Blockmasons, Stonemasons, and Tile and Marble Setters

Help brickmasons, blockmasons, stonemasons, or tile and marble setters by performing duties requiring less skill. Duties include using, supplying or holding materials or tools, and cleaning work area and equipment.
Annual Wage
$35,448.13
Top Entry-level Education
a high school diploma or less
82.20%
a certificate
11.57%
a Master's or Professional degree
6.23%

Helpers--Carpenters

Help carpenters by performing duties requiring less skill. Duties include using, supplying or holding materials or tools, and cleaning work area and equipment.
Annual Wage
$34,772.98
Top Entry-level Education
a high school diploma or less
78.94%
a certificate
3.10%
some college
17.96%

Helpers--Electricians

Help electricians by performing duties requiring less skill. Duties include using, supplying or holding materials or tools, and cleaning work area and equipment.
Annual Wage
$35,957.28
Top Entry-level Education
a high school diploma or less
79.78%
a certificate
19.83%
some college
0.14%
an Associate degree
0.25%

Helpers--Painters, Paperhangers, Plasterers, and Stucco Masons

Help painters, paperhangers, plasterers, or stucco masons by performing duties requiring less skill. Duties include using, supplying or holding materials or tools, and cleaning work area and equipment.
Annual Wage
$35,024.60
Top Entry-level Education
a high school diploma or less
94.43%
a certificate
3.68%
some college
0.49%
an Associate degree
1.40%

Helpers--Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters

Help plumbers, pipefitters, steamfitters, or pipelayers by performing duties requiring less skill. Duties include using, supplying or holding materials or tools, and cleaning work area and equipment.
Annual Wage
$32,159.27
Top Entry-level Education
a high school diploma or less
54.29%
a certificate
26.83%
some college
9.18%
a Master's or Professional degree
9.69%

Helpers--Roofers

Help roofers by performing duties requiring less skill. Duties include using, supplying or holding materials or tools, and cleaning work area and equipment.
Annual Wage
$36,975.55
Top Entry-level Education
a high school diploma or less
76.07%
some college
7.91%
a Doctoral degree or more
16.01%

Construction and Building Inspectors

Inspect structures using engineering skills to determine structural soundness and compliance with specifications, building codes, and other regulations. Inspections may be general in nature or may be limited to a specific area, such as electrical systems or plumbing.
Annual Wage
$83,700.48
Top Entry-level Education
a high school diploma or less
12.50%
a certificate
25.00%
some college
16.67%
an Associate degree
8.33%
a Bachelor's degree
29.17%
a Master's or Professional degree
8.34%

Septic Tank Servicers and Sewer Pipe Cleaners

Clean and repair septic tanks, sewer lines, or drains. May patch walls and partitions of tank, replace damaged drain tile, or repair breaks in underground piping.
Annual Wage
$38,762.91
Top Entry-level Education
a high school diploma or less
77.52%
a certificate
22.13%
some college
0.34%

Solar Thermal Installers and Technicians

Install or repair solar energy systems designed to collect, store, and circulate solar-heated water for residential, commercial or industrial use.
Annual Wage
$39,317.86
Top Entry-level Education
a high school diploma or less
43.24%
a certificate
7.52%
some college
24.90%
an Associate degree
1.88%
a Bachelor's degree
22.46%

Weatherization Installers and Technicians

Perform a variety of activities to weatherize homes and make them more energy efficient. Duties include repairing windows, insulating ducts, and performing heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning (HVAC) work. May perform energy audits and advise clients on energy conservation measures.
Annual Wage
$39,317.86
Top Entry-level Education
a high school diploma or less
62.07%
a certificate
27.59%
some college
3.45%
a Master's or Professional degree
6.90%

Earth Drillers, Except Oil and Gas

Operate a variety of drills such as rotary, churn, and pneumatic to tap sub-surface water and salt deposits, to remove core samples during mineral exploration or soil testing, and to facilitate the use of explosives in mining or construction. May use explosives. Includes horizontal and earth boring machine operators.
Annual Wage
$51,403.18
Top Entry-level Education
a high school diploma or less
87.84%
a certificate
12.15%

Security and Fire Alarm Systems Installers

Install, program, maintain, or repair security or fire alarm wiring and equipment. Ensure that work is in accordance with relevant codes.
Annual Wage
$50,848.43
Top Entry-level Education
a high school diploma or less
41.41%
a certificate
48.58%
some college
8.41%
an Associate degree
1.60%

Refractory Materials Repairers, Except Brickmasons

Build or repair equipment such as furnaces, kilns, cupolas, boilers, converters, ladles, soaking pits and ovens, using refractory materials.
Annual Wage
$53,445.07
Top Entry-level Education
a high school diploma or less
75.65%
a certificate
17.27%
some college
7.08%

Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters

Fabricate, position, align, and fit parts of structural metal products.
Annual Wage
$37,909.16
Top Entry-level Education
a high school diploma or less
50.96%
a certificate
29.03%
some college
16.58%
an Associate degree
0.12%
a Bachelor's degree
3.15%
a Master's or Professional degree
0.16%

Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters

Cut, shape, and assemble wooden articles or set up and operate a variety of woodworking machines, such as power saws, jointers, and mortisers to surface, cut, or shape lumber or to fabricate parts for wood products.
Annual Wage
$34,349.13
Top Entry-level Education
a high school diploma or less
73.38%
a certificate
26.62%

Conveyor Operators and Tenders

Control or tend conveyors or conveyor systems that move materials or products to and from stockpiles, processing stations, departments, or vehicles. May control speed and routing of materials or products.
Annual Wage
$33,613.39
Top Entry-level Education
a high school diploma or less
94.36%
a certificate
0.54%
some college
5.10%

Crane and Tower Operators

Operate mechanical boom and cable or tower and cable equipment to lift and move materials, machines, or products in many directions.
Annual Wage
$63,281.91
Top Entry-level Education
a high school diploma or less
39.37%
a certificate
60.63%

Hoist and Winch Operators

Operate or tend hoists or winches to lift and pull loads using power-operated cable equipment.
Annual Wage
$57,145.04
Top Entry-level Education
a high school diploma or less
67.93%
a certificate
23.51%
some college
8.56%